Of Miguna And That Nairobi Debate

Political TV public debates are becoming standard fare in the election cycle. Kenyans want to know what their leaders sound like and whether they can stand up to personal scrutiny required of public office. Debates are a space to toot one’s horn for all to hear. They allow observers to look for signals of high status within the male group, and for the debaters to demonstrate strength, courage and competence.

So when the candidates for the governor position lined up last week for a debate organised by KTN news, Nairobi was watching. It was an all man panel, four candidates and moderated by KTN’s Joe Ageyo. On the stage were the incumbent Evans Kidero, Nairobi Senator Mike Mbuvi Sonko, former Gatanga MP Peter Kenneth and independent candidate Miguna Miguna.

Common wisdom states that debates rarely sway the audience from their preferred choice but in a country like Kenya, they provide the closest thing to a level playing field for aspirants who lack the clout to enjoy dedicated media coverage. The one off TV debate is a rare opportunity for the invisible ones, to be seen and heard.

During the 2013 presidential debate, the break out star was Abduba Dida.  He was an unknown former high school teacher and polygamist who had the audacity to aspire for presidency with no wealth to talk of. What made Dida memorable was his courage, his unfiltered truth and his plain manner of speaking.

In the Nairobi governors’ debate, Miguna Miguna seemed to have enjoyed that Dida-esque underdog appeal gauging by the response of the audience.  Miguna has built a reputation as a rabble-rouser and a brazen speaker with an outsider status. He plays in an arena where politicians of his nature are the exception. Kenyans have a very low tolerance for politicians who do not appear to be rich or enjoy some level of godfather patronage.

No one even knows what car Miguna drives and the only sense of prosperity he lays any claim to is a law firm in Toronto. But his intellect is respected and his grasp of real politic issues has afforded him some level of notoriety in a space where it is not smart business to operate outside the status quo.

What Miguna lacks in decorum and charisma, he makes up for in damning arguments against his opponents that resonate with a public resigned to the lip service paid to integrity in our politics.  Miguna waves his integrity badge like a pride flag and calls out the credibility of his opponents with the authority of an exorcist. The simplicity of Miguna message makes it easier for people to connect with his truth.  But the unvarnished truth sounds like hate speech in an election contest where political correctness has all politicians speaking out of the corner of their mouths.

In Kenyan politics, dominance and aggression is what gets one noticed. Sonko was the poster child of that brand of politics, typical of Nairobi that has always preferred the rough and tumble tussle in the dirt. But on this debate night, Sonko with his clean cut suit and trim fresh hair cut looked like part of an establishment that he had built a career distancing himself from.

He no longer enjoyed the underdog status or the distinct sheen of an outsider.  Though still immensely popular, he could no longer claim the innocence of a newbie. In fact standing between Peter Kenneth and Evans Kidero, he displayed the eagerness of a wannabe trying to keep up with the Jones. He was well behaved (by Sonko standards) and played by the rules and in essence blunting his edge. Peter Kenneth and Evans Kidero represented the urbane, corporate face of Nairobi politics where leadership beckons men who have amassed significant personal fortunes.

Miguna’s outsider and independence status granted him the license to give everyone hell armed with nothing other than his claim to principle. Contrasted against Sonko, Peter Kenneth and Kidero, Miguna is a man of modest means, which in our politics is a liability. Cashed up candidates, present a level of predictability and familiarity. While they may demonstrate individual charisma and courage, their competence is measured by a past record of accumulation as opposed to integrity.

Success and status is weighed in material terms. Lodged deep in the Kenyan psyche is the idea that political power is a conduit for accumulation. Integrity and selfless community service does not translate as well as hard cash. A man may earn admiration for his solid character and principles but to qualify for leadership he will need to rain some cash on his fans, if he wants to be taken seriously.

Men like Miguna, Abuda Dida, Okiya Omtatah, Boniface Mwangi, Mohammed Ali are such odd balls in an environment of self-serving aspirations.  They are labelled idealistic, naive and broke for pontificating over the value of integrity. Our culture of organized lying has reduced men who are not afraid to voice their truth, to entertaining spectacles ridiculed for bragging about their integrity. In Kenyan politics, the principle of the devil you know still trumps the angel you do not know.

Oyunga Pala is a Kenyan newspaper columnist. The blog examines the texture of everyday Kenyan life and the challenges of modernity and disillusion. The writings commonly feature the struggle of the Kenyan male to maintain integrity in contemporary society.


  1. You are a talented writer Mister. Keep it up!

  2. Benedict

    A crisp piece. Mr. Miguna had them by the windpipe and yet Nairobi will choose handouts over vision.

  3. Patriotic Kenyan

    Are you seriously encouraging the perpetuation of the status-quo or where exactly do you stand? Morally, especially.

    I don’t dispute the fact that Kenyans have been electing mediocre leaders in the past, hence, where we are – economically, socially and politically; but as a writer, and one with such a wide following, would it not be prudent to urge your readers to move towards what is positive and ideal? Do you rejoice in the ridiculousness of the political decisions Kenyans make every 5 years? As a patriotic Kenyan, does it not make you feel sad and embarrassed/ashamed?

    One could argue that this article is a satirical depiction of the “Kenyan culture” in matters elections. Unfortunately, you do not bring that out clearly – if at all that was your aim. Frankly, I don’t think it was, but I cannot speak for you.

    I believe it is time patriotic Kenyans, especially those who have a voice such as yourself and other columnists, stood up against the ills derailing the Independence Dream of eradicating poverty, ignorance and disease, instead of sitting on their laurels and wishing them away. Man up. Do something!

    Finally, I must admit and make it clear that I have been a staunch supporter of Miguna Miguna ever since he announced his intention to run for the office of Governor of Nairobi. I made that decision because I believed that he was a capable man who could turn things around for the 6 million honest, hardworking but frustrated residents of Nairobi, and most importantly, he is a man of integrity. That belief has never wavered. Instead, it has grown stronger.

    Miguna Miguna has my support and will definitely get my vote on Aug 8th, Inshallah.


    Viva la Revolucion!!!

    • I think you missed the satire by a mile. If anything, I am making a case for candidates like Miguna who are criticized for challenging the status quo. Read it again.

      • Patriotic Kenyan –
        I think you missed the point – by at least a mile

  4. You are an excellent example of a cartel surrogate/appologist!
    How does the car one drives relate to governance? You promote thieves and cleanse them with words that can only describe the man with integrity. Who is more charismatic than Miguna? Kidero whom you implicitly support is only a looter in a suit with no ideology or agenda for Nairobians. You, him and the cooked up statistics he gives await fire on 8/8!

    • I think you took the satire literally. The statement on the car Miguna drives was rhetorical to drive home the point that the electorate places a misinformed value on the material status of the preferred candidates. This piece is a critique on a corrupt culture of Kenyan election politics that makes it very difficult for candidates such as Miguna whose manner and principles are not aligned with the status quo, to succeed. The short version is that politicians who display some level of principle are punished by the voters for showing naivety, hence the closing statement, in our politics, we still prefer the devil we know. We are on the same side.

  5. Great piece OP.
    I think we keep praying for change and God gives us Migunas, and we do not vote for Migunas because they are way too different (outrageously so – ati hana pesa? Kwani nini? ); we end up with the same old same old. And wait for 4 years to make the same prayers all over again! Who bewitched us?

  6. Manasses Mwangi Kamau

    I always thought to contract OP to edit a book I always planned to write but never came around to do it. This is a man who can pick an ordinary subject and turn it into a very interesting read. Keep it up man. You are a genius.

    • Thank you for the kind words. Books are a like a long journey, time consuming, numerous obstacles and procrastination the enemy of progress. Hope you come around to it.

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